Business, Professions, and Economic Development

Gender and Equity in California at the Close of the 20th Century
Julie Salley, June 2019
In 1999, the Senate Office of Research published a report detailing the major accomplishments toward female equality in the 20th century in the areas of civil rights, education, and the workplace.  This brief presents key highlights from that report and describes our intent to release an updated publication later this year on the status of gender and equity in California and the United States in the 21st century.

To Train or Not to Train: Is Workforce Training a Good Public Investment?
Daniel Rounds, May 2013
For years, policy makers have faced a dilemma. Should workforce development resources—such as Workforce Investment Act (WIA) funds—be used to help the unemployed and underemployed find immediate employment? Or should the money be spent upgrading workers' job skills to help improve their medium- to long-term prospects in the labor market?

The Workforce Investment Act: How Is the Federal Funding Being Spent?
Daniel Rounds, May 2011
Hundreds of millions of dollars are allocated annually to California through this federal act, and most Local Workforce Investment Boards report spending far less on job training than on employment services at One-Stop Career Centers.

Microenterprises Give California's Economy a Boost
Rona L. Sherriff, July 2008
Micro businesses—those with fewer than five employees as well as sole proprietorships—have grown by 24 percent since 2000.

Consumer Privacy and Identity Theft: A Summary of Key Statutes and Guide for Lawmakers (2008 edition)
Saskia Kim, January 2008
The 2008 edition of this report provides an overview of major California laws and outlines how significant federal laws impact these statutes.

Organized Retail Crime: Shoplifting Has Evolved Into a Big-Time Business and the Crooks Are Making Out Like Bandits
Sarah Huchel, May 2006
A new crime trend involves trademark fraud, conspiracy, international money laundering, hundreds of millions of dollars in lost tax revenue, and even baby formula.

Shelf-Access Payments: Slotting Fees, Pay-to-Stay Fees, and Exclusivity Deals
Saskia Kim, January 2005
The use of slotting fees and other shelf-access payments has reportedly increased in recent years, and much work has been done to attempt to ascertain the scope and extent of this practice which some view as anti-competitive and others view as enhancing efficiencies in the marketplace.

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