The California Senate Office of Research (SOR) requests studies by public university academicians on policy issues of interest to the California State Senate. The following reports were prepared under SOR’s supervision by members of the Faculty Research Fellows Program, which is coordinated by the Center for California Studies at California State University, Sacramento. Such reports present the authors’ opinions and findings, which are not necessarily endorsed by the SOR. Hard copies of the following reports may be purchased for a small fee. For details, please contact the Center for California Studies at (916) 278-6906 or firstname.lastname@example.org.